The OECD Investment Policy Review – Russian Federation: Progress and Reform Challenges reviews the progress made by Russia to attract more foreign investment over the last three years. Some progress has been made. The tax code is clearer, its new foreign exchange law has been brought more into line with OECD standards and a new code has speeded up customs clearance procedures.
But Russia can do more to make itself more attractive to foreign investors, the review asserts. At present, a lack of confidence in the way Russian courts enforce the law and corruption throughout the public sector continues to undermine investors’ trust in Russia’s legal system. Russia should do more to protect private property rights, tackle corruption and make contracts easier to verify and enforce, the OECD recommends. Russia should also do more to create a level playing field, so foreign companies can compete with domestic firms in the privatisation of state-owned companies. Investors are concerned that privatisation held to date could be challenged in court because existing laws are inconsistent and contradictory. The government should clarify the laws and the selection process for bidders.
Reform of the gas sector and the regulatory approval process is also encouraged. Russia should, in particular, relax restrictions on foreign ownership of shares in the natural gas monopoly, Gazprom, and the main electricity provider, United Energy Systems. And it should make the laws on foreign investment in the telecoms sector clearer. A 2003 law implies that foreign companies can invest in telecommunications operators, but in practice the way licences are awarded deters investors. Still, Russian corporate governance is improving in a number of areas, the review pointing to the government’s commitment to quickly adopt International Financial Reporting Standards.
©OECD Observer No 246/247, December 2004-January 2005