Canada: Slowing contraction

The sharp contraction that began in the last quarter of 2008 intensified in the first quarter of 2009, led by collapsing exports, fixed investment and stock building. The pace of contraction appears to be slowing, but recessionary conditions are expected to linger through the third quarter, with only a slow recovery thereafter.

Unemployment is projected to keep rising until early 2010 and inflation pressures to stay muted.

The Bank of Canada lowered its policy rate effectively to zero and exceptionally committed to holding the rate at this level until the end of June 2010, conditional on the inflation outlook. Supplementary monetary measures do not appear warranted for now, but the fiscal authorities retain room for further temporary fiscal stimulus should the recovery fail to materialise as expected in the latter part of this year.

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See also

You can order the latest Economic outlook at

©OECD Observer No 274, July 2009

Economic data

GDP growth: +0.6% Q4 2017 year-on-year
Consumer price inflation: 2.2% Jan 2018 annual
Trade: +2.7% exp, +3.0% imp, Q4 2017
Unemployment: 5.5% Jan 2018
Last update: 12 Mar 2018


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