Michelle Bachelet, president of Chile, greets Angel Gurría, secretary-general of the OECD Alex Ibanez/OECD

Chile’s accession to the OECD

Chile is set to become the OECD’s 31st member country. It is a momentous occasion, as captured in the following extracts from speeches by President Michelle Bachelet of Chile and by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, following the signing of the agreement on the terms of accession by the Republic of Chile to the OECD Convention, delivered in Santiago, Chile, 11 January 2010.

President Bachelet: The “legitimate and genuine happiness” of which I speak is also matched by a sense of satisfaction and pride because this [Accession] Agreement, although simply the first step on a path of collaboration between Chile and OECD member countries, is also a ringing endorsement of all the progress we have made as a country during these years of freedom and democracy for all Chilean people. What has happened over the last 20 years is historic. Chile has shaken off underdevelopment and is well on the way to achieving developed nation status in a few years’ time. But joining the OECD is much more than recognition.

In particular, as Angel Gurría noted, it is the first step on a new journey into the future which will open up major new opportunities to move more quickly towards that long-desired development. Membership of the OECD will help Chile make a qualitative leap forward in terms of public policies and state modernisation. As an OECD member, Chile will work with the world’s most advanced economies in seeking solutions to our key economic, social, environmental and other challenges–challenges that are quintessentially global.[…]

My friends, accession to the OECD does not mean that Chile ceases to be what it is: a Latin American country, a democratic country, and a progressive country. Chile will bring to the OECD a vision of a southern country; a middle-income country, with particular experience of economic and social progress, in a framework of democracy and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Nonetheless, I believe that by joining the organisation we will be sending a signal to the world that Latin America has countries such as Mexico, Chile and several others that are moving steadfastly towards societies that are not only more democratic but also more developed and more inclusive. This progress by emerging Latin American countries will be one of the positive developments of the first few decades of the 21st century.[…]

I would like to conclude my remarks by calling on all children of this land, our fatherland, to learn to value what we have built. Because Chile today is not what it was 20 years ago, when joining this forum would have been unthinkable. And because we have achieved this together, in freedom and democracy.[…]

Secretary-General Gurría: Chile’s accession to the OECD occurs at a time when international co-operation is becoming ever more important.[…]

The “Chilean way” and its expertise will enrich the OECD on key policy issues. Chile has been embarked on a continuous effort to reform its economy. Over nearly two decades it has developed a strong set of democratic institutions, and it has succeeded in combining robust economic growth with improved social welfare. This experience will be an asset for the OECD as we try to address common issues such as inequality or the coverage and viability of pension systems.[…]

The OECD accession process is in itself a catalyst for reform. Over the past two years, Chile has made a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of its economic, social and environmental policies, practices and institutions, and has taken significant steps in a number of areas.[…]

Now is the time to write a new chapter on global economic governance and international co-operation. It is time to build a stronger, cleaner and fairer world economy. It is time to identify and promote new sources of growth, pursue new ideas for innovation, develop a new agenda for jobs, take steps to reduce inequalities and promote new green-growth strategies. The OECD is honoured to embark on this new endeavour with Chile as a new partner and member country. […]

Gabriel Garcia Marquez once said, “It is not true that people stop pursuing dreams because they grow old, they grow old because they stop pursuing dreams”. Chile is a young country and the OECD is a young organisation: let’s pursue our dreams together![…]

The full speeches are available at www.oecd.org/speeches.

See also www.oecd.org/chile

Economic data

GDP growth: +0.5% Q3 2018 year-on-year
Consumer price inflation: 2.1% Jan 2019 annual
Trade: +0.3% exp, +0.7% imp, Q2 2018
Unemployment: 5.3% Jan 2019
Last update: 12 Mar 2019


Stay up-to-date with the latest news from the OECD by signing up for our e-newsletter :

Twitter feed

Subscribe now

<b>Subscribe now!</b>

To receive your exclusive paper editions delivered to you directly

Online edition
Previous editions

Don't miss

  • Food production will suffer some of the most immediate and brutal effects of climate change, with some regions of the world suffering far more than others. Only through unhindered global trade can we ensure that high-quality, nutritious food reaches those who need it most, Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, and José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, write in their latest Project Syndicate article. Read the article here.
  • Globalisation will continue and get stronger, and how to harness it is the great challenge, says OECD Secretary-General Gurría on Bloomberg TV. Watch the interview here.
  • OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría with UN Secretary-General António Guterres at the 73rd Session of the UN General Assembly, in New York City.
  • The new OECD Observer Crossword, with Myles Mellor. Try it online!
  • Watch the webcast of the final press conference of the OECD annual ministerial meeting 2018.
  • Listen to the "Robots are coming for our jobs" episode of The Guardian's "Chips with Everything podcast", in which The Guardian’s economics editor, Larry Elliott, and Jeremy Wyatt, a professor of robotics and artificial intelligence at the University of Birmingham, and Jordan Erica Webber, freelance journalist, discuss the findings of the new OECD report "Automation, skills use and training". Listen here.
  • Do we really know the difference between right and wrong? Alison Taylor of BSR and Susan Hawley of Corruption Watch tell us why it matters to play by the rules. Watch the recording of our Facebook live interview here.
  • Has public decision-making been hijacked by a privileged few? Watch the recording of our Facebook live interview with Stav Shaffir, MK (Zionist Union) Chair of the Knesset Committee on Transparency here.
  • Can a nudge help us make more ethical decisions? Watch the recording of our Facebook live interview with Saugatto Datta, managing director at ideas42 here.
  • The fight against tax evasion is gaining further momentum as Barbados, Côte d’Ivoire, Jamaica, Malaysia, Panama and Tunisia signed the BEPS Multilateral Convention on 24 January, bringing the total number of signatories to 78. The Convention strengthens existing tax treaties and reduces opportunities for tax avoidance by multinational enterprises.
  • Rousseau
  • Do you trust your government? The OECD’s How's life 2017 report finds that only 38% of people in OECD countries trust their government. How can we improve our old "Social contract?" Read more.
  • Globalisation’s many benefits have been unequally shared, and public policy has struggled to keep up with a rapidly-shifting world. The OECD is working alongside governments and international organisations to help improve and harness the gains while tackling the root causes of inequality, and ensuring a level playing field globally. Please watch.
  • Checking out the job situation with the OECD scoreboard of labour market performances: do you want to know how your country compares with neighbours and competitors on income levels or employment?
  • Trade is an important point of focus in today’s international economy. This video presents facts and statistics from OECD’s most recent publications on this topic.
  • The OECD Gender Initiative examines existing barriers to gender equality in education, employment, and entrepreneurship. The gender portal monitors the progress made by governments to promote gender equality in both OECD and non-OECD countries and provides good practices based on analytical tools and reliable data.
  • Interested in a career in Paris at the OECD? The OECD is a major international organisation, with a mission to build better policies for better lives. With our hub based in one of the world's global cities and offices across continents, find out more at www.oecd.org/careers .
  • Visit the OECD Gender Data Portal. Selected indicators shedding light on gender inequalities in education, employment and entrepreneurship.

Most Popular Articles

OECD Insights Blog

NOTE: All signed articles in the OECD Observer express the opinions of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the official views of OECD member countries.

All rights reserved. OECD 2019