Sweden: Economic slack large

The Swedish economy has experienced a deep contraction, triggered by the global economic crisis. A gradual recovery has started but economic slack is very large and unemployment will remain high for some time. Consumer and business confidence have been improving over the past six months and retail sales have picked up. Financial market conditions have also improved, with spreads on interbank and mortgage rates having reverted towards more normal levels. Lending to households has started to accelerate, although lending to firms is still slowing.

The monetary policy stance is very stimulative and ought to remain so for the time being. Both automatic and discretionary fiscal responses will continue to support demand as will the recent measures to limit long-term unemployment. As the recovery firms up, however, fiscal consolidation efforts will be needed to reach the medium-term budget surplus target.

©OECD Observer 2010

Economic data

GDP growth: +0.5% Q2 2019 year-on-year
Consumer price inflation: 1.9% August 2019 annual
Trade: +0.4% exp, -1.2% imp, Q1 2019
Unemployment: 5.1% August 2019
Last update: 9 September 2019

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