Some highlights of the 2000 Ministerial Conclusions

OECD Observer

Shaping globalisation:

Ministers recognised the serious concerns felt by many at the economic and technological changes in the transition to an increasingly knowledge-based, interdependent world. Ministers warned against creating a “digital divide” within countries or between the developed and developing world. The OECD will produce a major study in 2001 on whether a “new economy” is taking shape, and if so how governments need to adjust their policies.

Sustainable development:

Global challenges, such as climate change, conservation of biodiversity and sustainable management of natural resources, are key objectives for OECD countries. The OECD will make a significant contribution towards advancing the international agenda on sustainable development for the “Rio+10” meeting in 2002.

Social cohesion:

The OECD will help governments ensure that all groups in society, particularly the disadvantaged, can adapt to and benefit from economic change. OECD education ministers will make recommendations on education and training in the hi-tech economy at their meeting in April.

Electronic commerce:

International co-operation is essential to formulate coherent policy approaches to e-commerce given its rapidly-increasing impact on productivity and growth. The OECD will co-sponsor a conference in December on dispute resolution and host a conference in January on key e-commerce policy issues. The OECD will co-sponsor a global conference in 2001 on tax administration and e-commerce. Ministers will receive a progress report on tax issues raised by e-commerce at their next meeting.

Trade liberalisation: 

Further trade liberalisation in a rules-based multilateral system is the best way to realise the promise of a “new economy” and support poverty reduction and sustained development. Determined to work for the launch as soon as possible of an ambitious, balanced and broad-based WTO Round, ministers called for strong political will and greater flexibility on all sides, particularly in addressing the concerns of developing countries.

Agriculture:

Ministers called for participants to agree an understanding on a new export credit arrangement by the end of the year. Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to substantial, progressive reductions in support and protection for farmers. Ministers called for international action to rebuild overexploited fish stocks to sustainable levels.

Governance:

Good, effective public governance is needed in a globalised economy to strengthen democracy and human rights, promote prosperity and social cohesion, reduce poverty, enhance environmental protection and deepen confidence in government and public administration. The OECD will report progress on its Governance Outreach Initiative in 2001. Ministers welcomed the updated Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.

Corruption:

The fight against corruption is a high priority. Ministers called for monitoring of enforcement of the Bribery Convention to begin as soon as possible and said bribery of foreign public officials should be made a serious crime under money laundering legislation. Ministers called for more countries to join the effort to eliminate hard-core cartels.

Harmful tax practices:  

Ministers reconfirmed their countries’ commitments to remove harmful practices from their preferential regimes by April 2003. They will draw up by July 31, 2001 a list of uncooperative tax havens, which could be subject to defensive measures. The OECD has identified 35 tax havens and will assist co-operative jurisdictions to meet international standards as they eliminate harmful tax practices.

Biotechnology:

Because of the growing importance of biotechnology and its far-reaching consequences for human health, agro-food production and sustainable development, the OECD will consider holding a conference in 2001 to address the environmental impacts of genetically modified organisms. The OECD will also continue to undertake analytical work on the food safety aspects.

Development co-operation:

The OECD will develop guidelines on poverty reduction to help developing countries take full advantage of the opportunities of globalisation. Ministers regretted that DAC members had been unable to reach a consensus on untying aid to the least developed countries and urged that discussions continue aimed at reaching agreement as soon as possible.

Co-operation with non-members:

The OECD must deepen and extend its relations with non-OECD economies. The OECD must remain open to membership by countries sharing the same values. Ministers welcomed the Forum 2000 as a major step forward in openness and asked the secretary-general to develop options for strengthening consultation and dialogue with civil society.

Slovak Republic:

Ministers agreed that the accession procedure of the Slovak Republic should be completed as soon as possible.

South Eastern Europe:

Strong determination by the countries in the region to reform their economies and societies, and a sustained commitment by OECD countries to co-operate with them, are needed to build a strong, democratic region. Ministers pledged the continuing active support of their countries to the OECD’s work in South Eastern Europe.Social cohesion: The OECD will help governments ensure that all groups in society, particularly the disadvantaged, can adapt to and benefit from economic change. OECD education ministers will make recommendations on education and training in the hi-tech economy at their meeting in April.

©OECD Observer No 223, October 2000 




Economic data

E-Newsletter

Stay up-to-date with the latest news from the OECD by signing up for our e-newsletter :

Twitter feed

Suscribe now

<b>Subscribe now!</b>

To receive your exclusive paper editions delivered to you directly


Online edition
Previous editions

Don't miss

  • Africa's cities at the forefront of progress: Africa is urbanising at a historically rapid pace coupled with an unprecedented demographic boom. By 2050, about 56% of Africans are expected to live in cities. This poses major policy challenges, but make no mistake: Africa’s cities and towns are engines of progress that, if harnessed correctly, can fuel the entire continent’s sustainable development.
  • “Nizip” refugee camp visit
    July 2016: OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría visits the “Nizip” refugee camp, situated between Gaziantep and the Turkish-Syrian border, accompanied by Turkey’s Deputy Prime Minister Mehmet Şimşek. The camp accommodates a small number of the 2.75 million Syrians currently registered in Turkey, mostly outside the camps. In his tour of the camp, Mr Gurría visits a school, speaks with refugees and gives a short interview.
  • OECD Observer i-Sheet Series: OECD Observer i-Sheets are smart contents pages on major issues and events. Use them to find current or recent articles, video, books and working papers. To browse on paper and read on line, or simply download.
  • Queen Maxima of the Netherlands gives a speech next to Mexico's President Enrique Pena Nieto (not pictured) during the International Forum of Financial Inclusion at the National Palace in Mexico City, Mexico June 21, 2016.
  • How sustainable is the ocean as a source of economic development? The Ocean Economy in 2030 examines the risks and uncertainties surrounding the future development of ocean industries, the innovations required in science and technology to support their progress, their potential contribution to green growth and some of the implications for ocean management.
  • OECD Environment Director Simon Upton presented a talk at Imperial College London on 21 April 2016. With the world awash in surplus oil and prices languishing around US$40 per barrel, how can governments step up efforts to transform the world’s energy systems in line with the Paris Agreement?
  • Happy 10th birthday to Twitter. This 2008 OECD Observer interview with Henry Copeland said you’d do well.
  • The OECD Gender Initiative examines existing barriers to gender equality in education, employment, and entrepreneurship. The gender portal monitors the progress made by governments to promote gender equality in both OECD and non-OECD countries and provides good practices based on analytical tools and reliable data.
  • Once migrants reach Europe, countries face integration challenge: OECD's Thomas Liebig speaks to NPR's Audie Cornish.

  • Message from the International Space Station to COP21

  • The carbon clock is ticking: OECD’s Gurría on CNBC

  • If we want to reach zero net emissions by the end of the century, we must align our policies for a low-carbon economy, put a price on carbon everywhere, spend less subsidising fossil fuels and invest more in clean energy. OECD at #COP21 – OECD statement for #COP21
  • They are green and local --It’s a new generation of entrepreneurs in Kenya with big dreams of sustainable energy and the drive to see their innovative technologies throughout Africa. blogs.worldbank.org
  • Pole to Paris Project
  • In order to face global warming, Asia needs at least $40 billion per year, derived from both the public and private sector. Read how to bridge the climate financing gap on the Asian Bank of Development's website.
  • How can cities fight climate change?
    Discover projects in Denmark, Canada, Australia, Japan and Mexico.
  • Climate: What's changed, what hasn't, what we can do about it.
    Lecture by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, hosted by the London School of Economics and Aviva Investors in association with ClimateWise, London, UK, 3 July 2015.
  • Is technological progress slowing down? Is it speeding up? At the OECD, we believe the research from our Future of ‪Productivity‬ project helps to resolve this paradox.
  • Is inequality bad for growth? That redistribution boosts economies is not established by the evidence says FT economics editor Chris Giles. Read more on www.ft.com.
  • Interested in a career in Paris at the OECD? The OECD is a major international organisation, with a mission to build better policies for better lives. With our hub based in one of the world's global cities and offices across continents, find out more at www.oecd.org/careers .

Most Popular Articles

Poll

What issue are you most concerned about in 2016?

Unemployment
Euro crisis
International conflict
Global warming
Other

OECD Insights Blog

NOTE: All signed articles in the OECD Observer express the opinions of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the official views of OECD member countries.

All rights reserved. OECD 2016