Indeed, Swiss-based manufacturing firms employ more people in their affiliates abroad than the total national workforce, while in Sweden 70% as many people work for foreign affiliates of Swedish companies as work in Sweden. In services, however, the figures are much lower, at below 5% of the national workforce in all countries for which comparative figures are available, except Switzerland, where it is close to 25%. The levels are lower in Finland, with affiliates abroad employing the equivalent of a third of the national workforce in manufacturing and around 5% in services. But in terms of turnover, these foreign affiliates account for 45% in the manufacturing sector and more than 20% in Finland. In most countries for which comparative figures are available, manufacturing employment by foreign affiliates outstrips that in services, except in Portugal where the ratio is below 5% for both, and so is turnover.
• OECD, Foreign Affiliates Trade in Services database
©OECD Observer No 231/232, May 2002