The 1999 edition offers an overview of the state of the environment and of environment-economy relationships in OECD countries and, for the first time, in Russia. It includes the latest data on pollution and natural resources, the pressures various economic sectors put on the environment, and on natural disasters. This edition also covers new topics: water prices, environmentally related taxes and development assistance.
Some key trends are:
Since 1980, emissions of sulphur oxides (SOx) have fallen steeply throughout the OECD area. Trends in nitrogen oxides (NOx) vary among regions: emissions have fallen by 15% in Europe, remained constant overall in North America and risen by 25% in the Asia-Pacific region.
Emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise in most OECD countries. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions from energy use have increased by 9% since 1990 (the OECD currently accounts for 54% of world CO2 emissions). They have increased by 12% in North America and remained stable in Europe. In the Asia-Pacific countries, the increases since 1990 range from 10% in Japan to 16% in Australia and 81% in Korea.
©OECD Observer February 2000