Environmental Regulation: The Third Generation

Observer 206, June/July 1997
For three decades ‘command-and-control’ regulation has formed the bedrock of government strategies to protect and improve the environment in the OECD countries. Critics contend that regulation is an anachronistic and inefficient ‘blunt instrument’. But environmental regulation has evolved rapidly since the mid-1960s to reach a state of considerable sophistication, particularly when used in combination with other policy tools.
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