Mapping Innovation

Observer 207, August/September 1997
The links that make up innovative systems of enterprises, institutions and individuals are being revealed by systemic examination of innovation and economic performance in OECD countries. Interactions among the firms, institutions and others involved in technology development are now seen to be as important as direct investment in R&D.
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Unemployment: 5.1% August 2019
Last update: 9 September 2019

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