China joins OECD Development Centre, strengthens OECD co-operation

OECD Observer

Li Keqiang, premier of the People’s Republic of China, is greeted by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, on a historical official visit of to the organisation, 1 July 2015. OECD

The People’s Republic of China joined the OECD Development Centre on 1 July, in a move described as an important step in support of China’s transformation and transition to a new growth model.

China becomes the 49th member of the Development Centre, which was created in 1961 to help world leaders find policy solutions to stimulate growth and improve living conditions in developing and emerging economies.

China accepted the invitation to join during an historic visit by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang to the OECD, the first to the Paris-based organisation by a Chinese state leader, and coincides with the 20th anniversary of OECD-China relations. China is a key partner of the OECD, alongside Brazil, India, Indonesia, and South Africa, which are already members of the OECD Development Centre.

Li Wei, the president of the Chinese Development Research Centre of the State Council (DRC), accepted the OECD’s official invitation to join the OECD Development Centre, endorsing China’s membership in the centre in the presence of the Chinese premier and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Mr Gurría welcomed China’s entry as a “historic and transformative opportunity for mutually beneficial knowledgesharing. Membership recognises both China’s sound experience in development and the Development Centre’s role in convening a policy dialogue between OECD and non-OECD countries to advance policy solutions and best practices for sustainable development.”

“The OECD Development Centre has carried out significant research and dialogue on inclusive growth, economic restructuring, poverty reduction, the United Nations post-2015  agenda, the G20, global value chains and sustainable development and has achieved remarkable results,” stated President Li Wei. “We would like to exchange our experience in development with other members of the OECD Development Centre, including the lessons we have learned”, he added.

“China’s membership in the Development Centre will help strengthen partnerships with governments and institutions in countries throughout Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central and Southeast Asia”, added Mario Pezzini, director of the OECD Development Centre.

The OECD Development Centre hopes to inform China’s increasing engagement with developing countries and the global community, including through endeavours such as the One Road, One Belt Initiative.

China’s global momentum, including its role in setting up both the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank and the New Development Bank of the BRICS, its 2016 forthcoming presidency of the G20, and its role in furthering the UN Sustainable Development Goals due to be issued in September, is key to deepening co-operation with the international community and shaping a more inclusive process of globalisation.

China and the OECD
As well as joining the OECD Development Centre, co-operation between the OECD and China was also strengthened, under a Medium-Term Vision Statement and a joint Programme of Work for 2015-16 signed in the presence of Premier Li by Secretary-General Gurría and Chinese Minister of Commerce Gao Hucheng, who is in charge of co-ordinating the Chinese government’s collaboration with the OECD.

The Programme of Work focuses on 20 policy areas, ranging from macroeconomic management and structural reform to regulatory and public governance to green growth. It will also support China’s efforts to further open up its economy.

The OECD will offer its evidence-based expertise, its working methods and its global governance know-how to support China’s G20 presidency in 2016, in particular in the quest for new sources of growth for a more open and more inclusive world economy.

“China and the OECD are each undergoing substantial transformations in the 21st century,” said Secretary-General Gurría. “Today’s agreements are a testimony to our ongoing partnership and to our mutual desire to create better policies for better lives. China’s upcoming G20 presidency 2016 will offer another opportunity to pursue these goals to the benefit of many people around the world.”

For more on OECD work with China, see and in Chinese

For more on China’s accession to the OECD Development Centre, visit

Economic data

GDP growth: +0.6% Q3 2017 year-on-year
Consumer price inflation: 2.4% Nov 2017 annual
Trade: +4.3% exp, +4.3% imp, Q3 2017
Unemployment: 5.6% Nov 2017
Last update: 16 Jan 2018


Stay up-to-date with the latest news from the OECD by signing up for our e-newsletter :

Twitter feed

Suscribe now

<b>Subscribe now!</b>

To receive your exclusive paper editions delivered to you directly

Online edition
Previous editions

Don't miss

  • Rousseau
  • Do you trust your government? The OECD’s How's life 2017 report finds that only 38% of people in OECD countries trust their government. How can we improve our old "Social contract?" Read more.
  • Papers show “past coming back to haunt us”: OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria tells Sky News that the so-called "Paradise Papers" show a past coming back to haunt us, but one which is now being dismantled. Please watch the video.
  • When someone asks me to describe an ideal girl, in my head, she is a person who is physically and mentally independent, brave to speak her mind, treated with respect just like she treats others, and inspiring to herself and others. But I know that the reality is still so much different. By Alda, 18, on International Day of the Girl. Read more.
  • Globalisation’s many benefits have been unequally shared, and public policy has struggled to keep up with a rapidly-shifting world. The OECD is working alongside governments and international organisations to help improve and harness the gains while tackling the root causes of inequality, and ensuring a level playing field globally. Please watch.
  • Read some of the insightful remarks made at OECD Forum 2017, held on 6-7 June. OECD Forum kick-started events with a focus on inclusive growth, digitalisation, and trust, under the overall theme of Bridging Divides.
  • Checking out the job situation with the OECD scoreboard of labour market performances: do you want to know how your country compares with neighbours and competitors on income levels or employment?
  • Trade is an important point of focus in today’s international economy. This video presents facts and statistics from OECD’s most recent publications on this topic.
  • The OECD Gender Initiative examines existing barriers to gender equality in education, employment, and entrepreneurship. The gender portal monitors the progress made by governments to promote gender equality in both OECD and non-OECD countries and provides good practices based on analytical tools and reliable data.
  • Interested in a career in Paris at the OECD? The OECD is a major international organisation, with a mission to build better policies for better lives. With our hub based in one of the world's global cities and offices across continents, find out more at .
  • Visit the OECD Gender Data Portal. Selected indicators shedding light on gender inequalities in education, employment and entrepreneurship.

Most Popular Articles

OECD Insights Blog

NOTE: All signed articles in the OECD Observer express the opinions of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the official views of OECD member countries.

All rights reserved. OECD 2018