Training gap

OECD Observer

The employment prospects of women, and older and unskilled workers would improve with training: this key employment policy message is borne out by the pattern of participation in workplace training. Older workers and women simply receive less of it.

Continuous vocational training (CVT), two-thirds of which is employer-sponsored, accounts for at least 60% of adult education and training in most OECD countries. About a quarter of employed persons participate in employer-sponsored CVT each year with an annual training volume of 18 hours per employed person. Denmark had the highest volume of sponsored vocational training, with some 81 hours per participant per year.

There is a clear gender-training gap in terms of volume of hours, with women workers receiving on average 17% fewer hours of training than men. And the incidence of training tends to decline with age. In particular, the average training participation rate of workers aged 56 to 65 is only about three-quarters of that of prime-age workers (aged 36 to 45). Participation in low-skilled occupations (13%) is about a third of participation in high-skilled occupations (38%).

©OECD Observer No 239, September 2003




Economic data

GDP growth: +0.2% Q4 2019
Consumer price inflation: 2.3% January 2020
Trade (G20): -0.1% exp, -1.3% imp, Q4 2019
Unemployment: 5.1% January 2020
Last update: 11 March 2020

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