Understanding the Millennium Round

OECD Observer

Selection OECD books for background  

Post-Uruguay Round Tariff Regimes: Achievements and Outlook

Two of the most significant success stories of post-war trade diplomacy and multilateral trade negotiations that have occurred under the auspices of the GATT (now the WTO) have been the massive reductions in tariffs, and the establishment of non-discriminatory tariffs as the principal means of trade protection. When leaders from around the world gather for new trade talks at the end of 1999, a fresh opportunity to continue dismantling tariff barriers will present itself. This book provides trade negotiators with an indispensable tool that will help them formulate their negotiating objectives and strategies in the area of tariffs; it also provides policy analysts with key data that are necessary to define negotiating scenarios and to impute the corresponding impact on trade, employment and growth. Finally, students of international trade will no longer need to labour over obtaining comprehensive, detailed, and comparable tariff-line data and could proceed to apply these to policy issues and options.

(22 1999 03 1 P1);

ISBN 92-64-17128-2;

159 Pages;120 Tables;

FF 240 US$38 DM 72 £24 ¥4 650

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Trade and Competition Policies for Tomorrow

The links between trade policy and competition policy have become more important in recent years. With tariff reductions, trade negotiators are looking increasingly at non-border policies that distort trade and at non-governmental barriers to trade. And, as official barriers to trade and investment fall, firms may have a greater incentive to engage in anti-competitive conduct to protect markets. Hence the need for coherent trade and competition policies. Trade and competition policies each seek to improve the allocation of resources; they complement and reinforce each other. These papers from the OECD Joint Group on Trade and competition examine aspects of those complementarities and relationships and in so doing draw on the OECD’s capacity to analyse questions in a multidisciplinary way.

This book – which includes a whole chapter on the telecommunications sector – throws new light on all these issues in the lead up to the WTO’s new round of negotiations. Whatever the outcome of Seattle, the questions raised in this volume will remain relevant.

(22 1999 04 1 P1);

ISBN 92-64-17129-0;

73 Pages;

FF 120 US$20 DM 36 £12 ¥2 300

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Trade Measures in Multilateral Environmental Agreements

International conventions designed to combat global environmental problems – known as Multilateral Environmental Agreements or MEAs – often use trade measures, among other instruments. But in fact the term trade measures covers a variety of provisions, ranging from simple reporting requirements of transboundary movements to the use of trade sanctions imposed to change a country’s environmental

behaviour. MEAs’ use of trade measures has not been without controversy in both trade policy and environment policy circles. In order to try and disentangle the various strands of this important set of trade and environment issues, the OECD Joint Session of Trade and Environment Experts focused on the actual experience with the use of trade measures in three universally subscribed MEAs – CITES (on endangered species), the Montreal Protocol (on ozone layer depleting substances) and the Basel Convention (on hazardous wastes). While the case studies unsurprisingly reveal varying experiences, common issues and main themes, as well as a series of lessons learned, could nonetheless be drawn together from the case study analyses and have been assembled in the concluding chapter of this volume.

(22 1999 05 1 P1);

ISBN 92-64-17130-4; 200

Pages; 21 Tables; 5 Charts;

FF 300 US$48 DM 90 £30 ¥5 800

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©OECD Observer No 219, Deember 1999 

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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