Reform a top priority

Click on the globe for Key Economic Forecast & Indicators

Exports, driven in large part by China, are sustaining the expansion during a period of weak private consumption in the wake of the household credit bubble.
Although export growth is now moderating, a pick-up in domestic demand, led initially by investment, is expected to maintain economic growth in the 4-5% range in 2005 and 2006. A slowdown in world trade growth before domestic demand revives would pose a threat to a continued expansion.Given the structural causes of weak domestic demand, further progress in the reform agenda, notably by increasing flexibility in the labour market and addressing the problems of the credit card companies, should be the top priority. Monetary policy should maintain its expansionary stance until domestic demand recovers, while automatic fiscal stabilisers should be allowed to function.
Population (000s), 200347 925
Area (000 sq km)100
GDP (Billion USD), 2003605.4
Life expectancy at birth (Women, Men), 2001 80.0, 72.8
Total labour force (000s), 200322 916
Government typeRepublic
Indicators% change unless otherwise indicated
GDP growth5.04.55.0
Household savings ratio3.43.75.1
Consumer price index3.73.53.0
Short-term interest rate (%)
Unemployment rate (%)
General government financial balance (% GDP)
Current account balance (% GDP)
Source: OECD© OECD Observer No 245, November 2004

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

OECD Observer Newsletter

Stay up-to-date with the latest news from the OECD by signing up for our e-newsletter :

Twitter feed

Digital Editions

Don't miss

Most Popular Articles

NOTE: All signed articles in the OECD Observer express the opinions of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the official views of OECD member countries.

All rights reserved. OECD 2020