Iceland: Imbalances remain

There are increasing signs that a change in foreign investor sentiment early this year and further policy tightening have set in motion an overdue adjustment process. The economy is projected to contract in the next few quarters. Nonetheless, economic imbalances will remain substantial for some time. The challenge for policymakers will be to ensure that steady progress is made in unwinding these before any renewed financial market nervousness complicates an orderly adjustment.
Further monetary tightening is likely to be needed in the near term both to return inflation to target and anchor expectations there. Fiscal policy should avoid rekindling demand pressures, offsetting the expansionary effect of announced tax cuts by additional spending restraint so long as there is no clear evidence that the economy has cooled down.
Population (000s), 2005296
Area (000 sq km)103
GDP (Billion USD), 200510.6
Life expectancy at birth (Women, Men), 200482.7, 79.2
Total labour force (000s), 2005166
Government typeConstitutional Republic
Indicators% change unless otherwise indicated
GDP growth3.61.02.5
Consumer price index6.83.72.7
Unemployment rate (%)
General government financial balance
(% GDP)
Current account balance (% GDP)-20.6-13.9-7.8
Source: OECD©OECD Observer No. 258/259, December 2006

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

OECD Observer Newsletter

Stay up-to-date with the latest news from the OECD by signing up for our e-newsletter :

Twitter feed

Digital Editions

Don't miss

Most Popular Articles

NOTE: All signed articles in the OECD Observer express the opinions of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the official views of OECD member countries.

All rights reserved. OECD 2020