Luxembourg: Financial services prosper

Growth has remained strong for the third year running, reaching a pace of more than 5% in 2006 on the back of strong activity in the financial and business services sector. Exports of financial services have continued to prosper, reflecting the positive sentiment in financial markets. Employment growth has accelerated and become more broad-based. Nevertheless, unemployment continues to rise as most jobs are being filled by cross-border workers, while domestic hires barely keep pace with expanding supply.
To boost job search activity of residents, the access conditions to unemployment benefits should be tightened and unemployment benefit replacement rates gradually reduced after a certain period of benefit receipt. To improve long-term sustainability of public finances, the recent revenue increasing measures should be replaced by expenditure restraint.
Population (000s), 2005455
Area (000 sq km)3
CurrencyEuro
GDP (Billion USD), 200530.9
Life expectancy at birth (Women, Men), 200381.0, 75.0
Total labour force (000s), 2005317
Government typeConstitutional Monarchy
Indicators% change unless otherwise indicated
200620072008
GDP growth5.24.34.0
Consumer price index3.32.02.2
Unemployment rate (%)4.64.75.0
General government financial balance
(% GDP)
-1.3-0.8-0.4
Source: OECD©OECD Observer No. 258/259, December 2006


Economic data

GDP growth: +0.2% Q4 2019
Consumer price inflation: 2.3% January 2020
Trade (G20): -0.1% exp, -1.3% imp, Q4 2019
Unemployment: 5.1% January 2020
Last update: 11 March 2020

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