India: Extensive reforms needed

The economy grew rapidly in the fiscal year (FY) 2006, expanding by 9.4%. Strong growth was fuelled by a good performance of the agricultural sector and continued strength of industrial output. In the first half of FY 2007, investment remained buoyant, leading to improvements in the supply potential of the economy. With higher  interest and exchange rates, output growth is projected to gradually slow to 8.4% by 2009. The current account deficit is likely to widen from 1.1% of GDP in FY 2006 to 2% by 2009. Inflation, as measured by the GDP deflator, is expected to ease back somewhat over the projection  horizon as increases in food prices moderate.
Achieving strong and sustainable economic growth will require a significant package of economic reforms. Fiscal deficits will need to be further reduced to make room for private corporate investment. Tariffs should be lowered further and measures taken to reduce the administrative burden on enterprises. At the same time, restrictive labour market policies should be eased so that companies are encouraged to employ staff on a long-term basis, thereby helping to reduce poverty. Improvements in public service delivery are also needed to raise the quality of education and infrastructure.

©OECD Observer No. 264/265, December 2007-January 2008

OECD Economic Outlook No. 82, December 2007
All OECD Observer articles on India

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

OECD Observer Newsletter

Stay up-to-date with the latest news from the OECD by signing up for our e-newsletter :

Twitter feed

Digital Editions

Don't miss

Most Popular Articles

NOTE: All signed articles in the OECD Observer express the opinions of the authors
and do not necessarily represent the official views of OECD member countries.

All rights reserved. OECD 2020