Brazil: Expanding production

Following a further deceleration in the first quarter, activity now appears to be rebounding. Industrial production is expanding, in part due to previous destocking, especially in the sectors that have benefitted from government support, including the motor industry.

Retail sales have been particularly resilient. Domestic demand is poised to gather strength in the second half of 2009 on the heels of ongoing policy easing.

Monetary policy continues to be appropriately relaxed, following a cumulative 450 basis-point cut in the policy interest rate during January-June. Additional, albeit smaller, cuts are possible in the coming months. Fiscal policy has been eased, including through a reduction in the primary budget surplus target by 1.3 percentage points, to 2.5% of GDP, for 2009. The medium-term targets have also been adjusted downward to accommodate the exclusion of Petrobras, the government-controlled national oil company, from the government accounts. Further discretionary fiscal easing would not be advisable on current projections.

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©OECD Observer No 274, July 2009

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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