Some definitions

OECD Observer
Page 19 
There are many definitions of biotechnology and most of them have been argued about, agreed on, decon-structed, reconstructed and indeed manipulated over the years. Here are a few from the 1980s which, like the one the OECD offers at the start of this Spotlight appear to have withstood the tamperings of time.
• ‘Biotechnology’ means the application of science and engineering in the direct or indirect use of living organisms or parts or products of living organisms in their natural or modified forms – Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1985.• The science of the production pro-cesses based on the action of micro-organisms and their active components, and of production processes invol-ving the use of cells and tissues from higher organisms – A Dutch Perspective, 1981• The collection of industrial processes that involve the use of biological systems. The use of -living organisms or their components in -industrial pro-cesses – OTA Report 1981. ©OECD Observer No 216, March 1999


Economic data

GDP growth: +0.2% Q4 2019
Consumer price inflation: 2.3% January 2020
Trade (G20): -0.1% exp, -1.3% imp, Q4 2019
Unemployment: 5.1% January 2020
Last update: 11 March 2020

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