News brief October 2002

OECD Observer

Sharing views on energy

It is in the interest of energy producers and consumers to work together to meet the global energy challenges of the next few years, International Energy Agency (IEA) executive director Robert Priddle said at the launch of the latest World Energy Outlook report in Osaka, Japan in late September.

“The messages in this book are of equal relevance to producers and consumers and the challenges it describes can be best met if we co-operate in tackling them.”

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) president Rilwanu Lukman echoed this view, telling an OPEC ministerial meeting in Osaka the same week that “we attach a great deal of importance to producer-consumer dialogue.” Both Mr Lukman and Mr Priddle were in Osaka to attend the Eighth International Energy Forum. The two organisations had held their first joint press conference earlier in the month in Rio de Janeiro.

“The IEA is proud of its reputation as the energy watchdog of the industrialised world, and will maintain it,” Mr Priddle told the press conference with OPEC secretary general Alvaro Silva-Calderon at the World Petroleum Congress. “We speak for oil consumers everywhere; but we also have major oil producers as our members. A good watchdog can see both sides of the fence.”

The two organisations are both co-operating on an international Joint Oil Data Exercise, designed to bring greater transparency to oil markets by improving the quality of published data on oil demand, supply and stocks.

The latest edition of the World Energy Outlook projects trends in energy supply and demand, prices, trade and carbon emissions to the year 2030. It also includes a special chapter on energy and poverty (see Databank, page 52).

IEA (2002), World Energy Outlook, OECD, Paris.

Dangerous driving 

French President Jacques Chirac’s recent horror at French roads being among the most dangerous in Europe was borne out by recent figures from the European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT), which is based at the OECD. These show that while the highest number of road deaths in absolute terms in 2001 occurred in Russia, up 4.4% from a year earlier at 30,898, France came second, up 1% at 7,720.

Roads in western, central and eastern Europe generally became safer in 2001, with the number of road deaths significantly lower than in 2000, but in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) the record worsened, with a 5.3% rise in the number of fatalities. The number of deaths on the road in western Europe fell by 3.9% in 2001, while fatalities on central and eastern European roads dropped more than 4.7%. But the overall death toll on European roads for the year still came in at more than 87,500, preliminary figures from the ECMT showed.

And performance varied widely between countries. The sharpest rise in road deaths was in Yugoslavia, up 21.5% from a year earlier with 1,273 people killed, followed by Ukraine, with road deaths up 13.5% at 5,900. The steepest increase in western Europe was Finland, with road deaths up 9.3% in 2001 to 433. Macedonia and Liechtenstein can claim the sharpest percentage fall in road deaths, down 34.0% and 33.3% respectively, although the actual number of people killed remained far higher in Macedonia (107) than in Liechtenstein, where just two people died. And Azerbaijan was the only CIS state to reduce its number of road deaths, down 6.2% at 559.

©OECD Observer No 234, October 2002

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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