Pay gap

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It seems to me there must be two components to the pay gap: women not reaching the same levels of seniority compared with men with similar education or experience, and women not being paid equally with men at the same level of seniority.

Furthermore, it seems there are probably some legitimate, or at least unintentional, reasons for the former cause–such as differences in gender expectations of career ambition–and some malignant reasons–such as discrimination against women during competitive promotions–whereas there are no benign reasons for the latter cause.

Understanding the different components of these metrics would help us target the changes necessary to eliminate gender inequality, and help us understand which efforts are being effective.

John Evens, commenting on “Do men’s and women’s choices of field of study explain why women earn less than men?”, from, posted on

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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