Country snapshots 2017-18: Czech Republic

Stable growth

Stable economic growth is projected for 2017 and 2018. Solid labour demand will push unemployment towards its lowest rate in the last two decades, supporting consumption. Investment was cut sharply in 2016 due to the transition in EU funding programmes, but is projected to rebound in 2017. Rising cost pressures will push consumer price inflation to the 2% target during 2017.

The central bank has committed to preventing exchange rate appreciation against the euro until at least the second quarter of 2017, to insure against deflationary forces. The policy rate could then cautiously be lifted, as the deflationary threat recedes, with fiscal policy supporting demand if needed. Structural policies addressing skill shortages and raising productivity would help sustain the expansion and increase inclusiveness. These include expanding childcare, increasing incentives for business R&D and reducing entry and exit barriers for firms.

GDP growth


Current prices CZK billion




% real change



4 098.1 2.4 2.5 2.6


©OECD Observer No 308 Q4 2016     

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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