Country snapshots 2017-18: Euro area

Investment weakness

Economic growth is projected to remain subdued. Despite supportive monetary conditions, investment weakness will persist, reflecting low demand, banking sector fragilities and uncertainties about European integration. High unemployment and modest wage growth will hold back private consumption, while exports will be hampered by soft global trade and by weaker growth in the UK following the Brexit referendum. Inflation is set to rise very gradually. Across euro area countries, major differences in growth and unemployment prospects will persist.

The monetary policy stance should remain accommodative until inflation is clearly rising to the target of near 2%. However, monetary policy has become overburdened and should get more support from fiscal and structural policies. The projected fiscal stance is only slightly expansionary: a stronger fiscal stimulus with accompanying growth-friendly changes in the spending and taxation structure would rebalance the policy mix and support long-term growth. Completing the single market in services and network sectors would boost investment and productivity. Faster resolution of non-performing loans is also essential for stronger investment and may require establishing asset management companies and waiving existing bail-in procedures. Completion of the banking union would strengthen confidence and resilience to future crises.  

GDP growth

2015

Current prices EUR billion

2016

  

2017

% real change

2018

  

10 387.8 1.7 1.6 1.7

Visit www.oecd.org/eco/economicoutlook.htm    

©OECD Observer No 308 Q4 2016        




Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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