Country snapshots 2017-18: Hungary

Private consumption and infrastructure projects lead growth

Growth should pick up in 2017 as new infrastructure projects are launched in the context of the new cycle of EU structural funding, before moderating in 2018. Private consumption should remain the main growth driver, given projected employment gains, in part supported by still large public works schemes, and faster wage growth. Increasing unit labour costs and weak markets will cut export growth. 

The fiscal stance is becoming expansionary, reflecting lower personal income taxes and other measures to support the economy. However, economic slack is disappearing, pushing up wage growth and consumer price inflation, which is projected to reach the official 3% target by end-2018. 

GDP growth


Current prices HUF billion




% real change



30 127.3 1.7 2.5 2.2


©OECD Observer No 308 Q4 2016       

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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