Country snapshots 2017-18: Mexico

Domestic demand drives activity

Economic activity has been resilient to sharply lower oil prices, weak world trade growth and monetary policy tightening in the US. Domestic demand remains the main driver of economic activity, supported by recent structural reforms that have cut prices to consumers, notably on electricity and telecoms services. Growth will be held back in 2017 and 2018, mostly through investment and consumer confidence, following uncertainties about future US policy, although the economy could benefit from stronger import demand from the US. 

Macroeconomic policy is being tightened. Banco de Mexico raised policy rates to counter inflationary pressures and keep inflation expectations anchored near the inflation target and more recently in response to heightened uncertainty in the wake of the outcome of the US presidential election. In order to meet the consolidation path and ensure debt sustainability, the 2017 budget includes expenditure cuts, with the objective of returning to a primary surplus.    

GDP growth


Current prices MXN billion




% real change



16 114.5 2.2 2.3 2.4


©OECD Observer No 308 Q4 2016                   

Economic data

GDP growth: -9.8% Q2/Q1 2020 2020
Consumer price inflation: 1.3% Sep 2020 annual
Trade (G20): -17.7% exp, -16.7% imp, Q2/Q1 2020
Unemployment: 7.3% Sep 2020
Last update: 10 Nov 2020

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