Country snapshots 2017-18: Sweden

Growth to slow

Economic growth has been strong, but is projected to decline. Shortages of qualified labour and constructible land will slow residential investment, while uncertainty about global demand will slow business investment. Modest real wage gains will continue to damp consumption. The unemployment rate is levelling off as difficult-to-hire low-skilled workers make up a rising share of jobseekers. Labour market tightening will help lift inflation gradually. 

The current very expansionary monetary policy stance is a response to persistently below-target inflation, but has also fuelled a long housing boom which increasingly poses risks. Stronger macro-prudential policy, such as a debt-to-income cap, is called for to reduce financial and macroeconomic vulnerabilities. Easing planning and rental regulations and reforming housing taxation would help stabilise house prices, increase labour market mobility and improve equality.      

GDP growth

2013

Current prices SEK billion

2016

  

2017

% real change

2018

   

3 773.4 3.3 2.7 2.2

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©OECD Observer No 308 Q4 2016             




Economic data

GDP growth: +0.2% Q4 2019
Consumer price inflation: 1.7% March 2020
Trade (G20): -0.1% exp, -1.3% imp, Q4 2019
Unemployment: 5.6% March 2020
Sharp drop in OECD leading indicators point to darker outlook: Last update: 14 May 2020

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